DoD STARBASE focuses on elementary students, primarily fifth graders. The goal is to motivate them to explore Science, Technology, Engineering and Math (STEM) as they continue their education. The academies serve students that are historically under-represented in STEM. Students who live in inner cities or rural locations, those who are socio-economically disadvantaged, low in academic performance or have a disability are in the target group. The program encourages students to set goals and achieve them.
The program engages students through the inquiry-based curriculum with its “hands-on, mind-on” experiential activities. They study Newton’s Laws and Bernoulli’s principle; explore nanotechnology, navigation and mapping. They are captivated by engineering as they use the computer to design space stations, all-terrain vehicles, and submersibles. Math is embedded throughout the curriculum and students use metric measurement, estimation, calculation geometry and data analysis to solve questions. Teamwork is stressed as they work together to explore, explain, elaborate and evaluate concepts.
The military volunteers apply abstract principles to real world situations by leading tours and giving lectures on the use of STEM in different settings and careers. Since the academies are located in different branches of the military this experience is highly varied. Students may discuss how chemical fires are extinguished, learn how injured are transported, explore the cockpit of an F-18 or the interior of a submarine.
The academies work with school districts to support their standards of learning objectives. A teacher whose class attended DoD STARBASE stated, “STARBASE teaches science and math in ways that we wish we had the time, resources and expertise to do in the regular classroom. It’s experiential, exploratory learning with a direct tie to the DoD STARBASE offers a positive, proven approach to engendering excitement and interest in Science, Technology, Engineering and Math (STEM). This knowledge is important to our nation’s future because:
During this decade, employment in science and engineering occupations is expected to increase at almost four times the rate for all occupations. In the United States less than 10 percent of graduate degrees are conferred in engineering, mathematics and computer science. This places our country 20th internationally in terms of graduate degrees in these critical areas.
The rapid pace of technological change, and globalization of the economy, simply demands that our workforce be literate in science and math. Students who attend DoD STARBASE Academies increase their knowledge and skills in STEM. Students who attend DoD STARBASE improve their attitudes about and their confidence in STEM.
In South Dakota approximately 4000 fifth graders go through STARBASE which means about 38-40% of our kids in South Dakota have the privilege to attend one of the STARBASE academies across the state. South Dakota is also home to 8 out of 10 of the poorest counties in the United States; again those kids attend STARBASE. The impact is immense.